Moscow was first officially mentioned as a settlement in documents in 1147. At the beginning of the 16th century it became the capital of the united Russian State. Several times during its history Moscow was taken by different invaders, burned and rebuilt. Although it lost the status of capital in 1712, all the Russian Emperors were crowned in Moscow Kremlin. In 1918 it became the capital of Russia again and has been since then. With a population of more than 11,5 million people Moscow is the largest city in Russia and in Europe and the 7th largest city in the world

Moscow is the site of the Moscow Kremlin, an ancient fortress that is today the residence of the Russian President and of the executive branch of the Government. The Kremlin is also one of several World Heritage Sites in the city. Both chambers of the Russian parliament (the State Duma and the Federation Council) also sit in Moscow.

The city is served by an extensive transport network, which includes four international airports, nine railroad terminals and one of the deepest underground train networks in the world - the Moscow Metro, which is second only to Tokyo in terms of passenger numbers and recognized as one of the city's landmarks due to the rich and varied architecture of its 185 stations.

Moscow is an important Russian and European economic, industrial, educational and touristic center.

Major sights:

  1. Red Square (St. Basil Cathedral, Department-store “GUM”, Lenin’s Mausoleum, Historical Museum)
  2. Kremlin (the territory, Cathedrals, Armory, Diamond Fund)
  3. St. Basil Cathedral (the Cathedral of the Protection of Most Holy Virgin Mary on the Moat)
  4. Tretjakov Gallery
  5. Pushkin Art Museum
  6. Central Armed Forces Museum
  7. New Maiden Nunnery
  8. The Holy Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius